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Migraines are much more than a headache: The throbbing pain in one part of the head can get to the point where it is unbearable, and it is typically accompanied by sensitivity to light or sound.
Headaches, on the other hand, involve pain in the head, face, and sometimes the upper neck.
Most migraine or headache will go away on their own eventually, but that can be small comfort when faced with one.
Headaches can be caused by a range of emotional and physical factors.
These include stress, as well as relaxing after stress. The latter is a result of hormones dropping after the tension you have been dealing with all week finally subsides on Saturday morning, when you eventually get to rest.
Pent-up anger can also cause headaches, as can grinding your teeth at night (often thought to be the result of stress during the day).
Poor posture can also cause tension in your upper back and neck, leading to a headache in the base of the skull and sometimes the forehead.
Environmental factors like perfume, bright lights, and bad weather can also lead to headaches.
For some people, certain foods may trigger a headache.
Cheeses, fizzy drinks, and processed meats and fish can sometimes contain chemicals that may bring on a headache or migraine.
Skipping meals can also lead to a headache.
Ice cream and other very cold food or drinks can cause a headache, but luckily this one tends to go away very quickly.
What are the different headache types?
Tension headaches are the most common type.
They are what we often think of as “normal” or regular headaches, and feel like a constant ache on both sides of the head.
Tension headaches usually last for an hour or two, and though they are unpleasant, it is usually possible to continue with the task at hand.
Sinus headaches feel like pressure around the eyes, cheeks, and forehead.
Sometimes the pain gets stronger when you move your head suddenly. These are the result of pressure building up in the sinuses perhaps due to an allergic reaction.
Cluster headaches are less common, and occur in sequence for a month or two at a particular time of year.
They can be excruciatingly painful, with intense pain around one eye..
Other types of headaches include hormone headaches, alcohol-related headaches, and headaches caused by sleep apnoea.
Migraines are thought to be caused by temporary changes in the chemicals, nerves, and blood vessels in the brain.
It isn’t completely clear what exactly causes migraines, though around half of people who get them also have a relative who does as well, suggesting genes could play a role.
Many people who suffer from migraine attacks find that they are triggered by certain situations such as stress, sunlight, excessive exercise, the start of their period, tiredness, or certain foods or drinks.
People who get migraine attacks usually get them on a semi-regular basis, rather than just getting one or two in a lifetime.
Often, lying down, pacing, or avoiding light can provide some relief.
Easing your headache will depend on what is causing them.
Often, the most effective thing to do is to prevent the headaches by avoiding known triggers.
However, sometimes that isn’t possible, and sometimes it can feel like we get headaches for no known reason. If this concerns you, please seek medical advice at the earliest opportunity.
Alternatives to over-the-counter medicines for helping with migraines and headaches, include Holland & Barrett Feverfew Migraine Relief 60 Capsules.
These capsules contain just feverfew, a traditional herbal medicine for preventing migraine headaches, based on traditional use only.
Feverfew is a plant that is part of the daisy family and some people have found that it helps to reduce the number of migraines they get.
Feverfew shouldn’t be taken when pregnant. It is also similar to aspirin, so it is best to take one or the other.
To use, swallow a capsule whole with water or another liquid once a day.